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In Class 11 Physics, the chapter “System of Particles and Rotational Motion” explores the dynamics of systems of particles and rotational motion. Here’s an outline of what is typically covered in this chapter:

1. **Introduction to System of Particles**: This section introduces the concept of a system of particles, which consists of multiple particles considered as a single entity. It discusses the center of mass of a system and its significance in analyzing the motion of the system.

2. **Center of Mass**: The center of mass of a system is the point where the entire mass of the system is assumed to be concentrated. This section covers the calculation of the center of mass for various systems, including discrete and continuous distributions of mass.

3. **Linear Momentum of a System of Particles**: Linear momentum is the product of mass and velocity and is a vector quantity. This section discusses the conservation of linear momentum for a system of particles in the absence of external forces, known as the principle of conservation of linear momentum.

4. **Impulse and Impulse-Momentum Theorem**: Impulse is the change in momentum of an object due to the application of a force over a period of time. This section introduces the impulse-momentum theorem, which states that the impulse acting on an object is equal to the change in its momentum.

5. **Collision**: Collisions involve the interaction of two or more objects, resulting in a change in their velocities. This section covers different types of collisions, including elastic collisions (where kinetic energy is conserved) and inelastic collisions (where kinetic energy is not conserved).

6. **Center of Mass Motion**: This section discusses the motion of the center of mass of a system and its relation to the motion of individual particles within the system. It covers cases where the center of mass moves with constant velocity or undergoes acceleration.

7. **Rotational Motion**: Rotational motion involves the motion of objects around a fixed axis. This section introduces angular displacement, angular velocity, and angular acceleration, which are analogous to linear motion but involve rotational quantities.

8. **Rotational Kinematics**: Similar to linear kinematics, rotational kinematics deals with the equations of motion for rotating objects. It covers the relationships between angular displacement, angular velocity, angular acceleration, and time.

9. **Torque and Moment of Inertia**: Torque is the rotational analogue of force and is defined as the product of force and the perpendicular distance from the axis of rotation. Moment of inertia is a measure of an object’s resistance to rotational motion and depends on both mass and distribution of mass.

10. **Newton’s Second Law for Rotational Motion**: Newton’s second law for rotational motion relates the net torque acting on an object to its moment of inertia and angular acceleration. Mathematically, $$\tau = I \alpha$$, where $$\tau$$ is the net torque, $$I$$ is the moment of inertia, and $$\alpha$$ is the angular acceleration.

Understanding the concepts of system of particles and rotational motion is essential as they provide the foundation for understanding more complex topics in mechanics, such as dynamics and statics. These concepts have broad applications in various fields, including engineering, astronomy, and robotics.